Killeen, in Bell County, Texas, is a bustling city approximately 70 miles north of Austin. The townsite was basically uninhabited up until the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway laid its tracks via central Texas in 1882. The railway company platted the community of Killeen on its right-of-way and within a year, several shops, a barroom, a railway depot, and also a school appeared on its streets. Citizens of surrounding districts transferred to Killeen to benefit from possibilities managed the community as a railway terminus. Killeen quickly ended up being the center of regional farming, shipping cotton and also livestock to market from its railway vehicles.
The community’s late 19th and also early 20th century residential or commercial properties date from this period of farming success. Development slowed down to a halt throughout the Great Depression of the 1930s however activity resumed when nearby Camp Hood was produced as a major training school for UNITED STATE soldiers during The second world war. Although the army kept the town’s economy to life in the mid-to-late 1940s, it made few contributions to the city’s structure supply and facilities, probably due to the short-lived nature of its period in the location. After the battle, the community’s future doubted, but when the Camp Hood was re-commissioned in 1950 as Fort Hood, a permanent military post, individuals gathered to Killeen to supply goods as well as solutions for the growing facility.
Fort Hood’s irreversible standing as well as development directly affected Killeen’s populace and structure boom in the 1950s. The city’s population more than increased from concerning 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 the following year on the stamina of the base existence. During that year, almost 100 brand-new industrial buildings increased in the city’s midtown core. Due in large component to the existence of Fort Hood in the postwar period, downtown Killeen has a lot of business resources bearing modern building impacts from that duration.
The Killeen Downtown Historic Area is full of a mix of late-19th/ early 20th-century commercial structures and postwar commercial buildings in virtually equivalent numbers. Some of the postwar buildings present distinctly modern-day architectural attributes. Though a lot of its buildings have actually been altered to some degree, the district is significant for its focus of historic-age resources standing for Killeen’s 2 most prominent periods of growth and development. Because the area has such a distinctive cluster of historic-age buildings and also since its postwar design is notable for its Modern layout and kind, it is chosen to the National Register of Historic Places under Standard A, Community Preparation and also Development as well as Armed force, and also under Criterion C, Design, at the local level of importance. The district’s duration of significance is 1895-1964.